Rising sea levels posed far wider challenges to regional security than the survival of small island states in the Western Pacific, wrote Bryan Furnass in The Canberra Times (3/10/2007, p.13). Read the rest of this entry »
Archive for the ‘Asia’ Category
Posted by gmarkets on 8 October, 2007
Indonesia orders Bali lobbying-frenzy to reverse first-round Kyoto agreement that does not include tradeable emissions from forest land
Posted by gmarkets on 20 September, 2007
The APEC summit will help set the stage for the UN climate change conference in Bali in December by putting the Kyoto protocol to one side “and just talking about the Earth”, according to Indonesia’s Environment Minister, reported The Australian (4/9/2007, p.7). Read the rest of this entry »
APEC conference was a disaster, which ended with a “weak and cowardly” declaration on climate change, argue Federal Greens, Democrat senators
Posted by gmarkets on 20 September, 2007
The APEC conference was a disaster which ended with a “weak and cowardly” declaration on climate change, Greens senators say. Read the rest of this entry »
Geoscience Australia looking to staff new CO2 dump program: six positions including a trainer for Asia-Pacific partners
Posted by gmarkets on 15 September, 2007
Geoscience Australia placed a recruitment advertisement for six geoscientists to work in a new program which aimed to reduce CO2 emissions,”Geoscience Australia is seeking motivated people who are keen to contribute to the reduction of atmospheric CO2 emissions by being involved in the development of a new program for geological storage of carbon dixoide within the Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Advice Group,” the advertisement read. “You will work within a multidisciplinary team of geoscientists to further develop the agency’s expertise in the areas of basin and reservoir modelling, CCS regulation, and management of monitoring and verification programs. Many of the skills we require are used in the oil and gas industry, and the hydrological and environmental sciences.” Wide range of experience also canvassed: “A range of positions are available from new graduate to project managers,” the advetrtisement continued. “Duties and remuneration will be based on qualifications and experience. For appointment at Levels 6 & 7 it is desirable for the person to have experience in Carbon dixoide Capture and Storage (CCS) issues, and have extensive industry or research experience.”
Training role targeted: “One of the senior positions will be in the International CCS Project to assist the Chief Scientist: Carbon Dioxide Capture & Storage in the management of a component of the Asia-Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate (AP6). This role is associated with capacity building and technology transfer projects, and will require training and development of staff from AP6 participating countries. For this position you will need experience in geological storage issues and strong project management skills. You will need an appropriate degree in science or engineering. Senior appointments will require extensive industry or research experience and a strong understanding of CCS issues. The initial contract period is until 30 June 2011.”
Reference: For further information about this position, please contact Andrew Barrett, Phone: (02) 6249 9502, or email: Andrew.Barrett@ga.gov.au Applications close 21 September 2007.
The Canberra Times, 8/9/2007, p. E2
Posted by gmarkets on 14 September, 2007
In a study released by the British journal Nature, the investigators said the so-called Asian Brown Cloud was as much to blame as greenhouse gases for the warming observed in the Himalayas over the past half century, reported The Canberra Times (2/8/2007, p.3).
Glaciers melt now, but droughts loom later: Rapid melting among the 46,000 glaciers on the Tibetan Plateau, the third-largest ice mass on the planet, was already causing downstream flooding. But long-term worries focus more on the danger of drought, as the glaciers shrink. The report triggered an appeal from UN Environment Program chief Achim Steiner, who urged the international community “to ever greater action” on tackling climate change.
UAVs monitor Cloud from above: Researchers led by Veerabhadran Ramanathan, a professor of atmospheric sciences at Scripps Institution of Oceanography in California, used an innovative technique to explore the Asian Brown Cloud. The plume sprawls across South Asia, parts of Southeast Asia and the northern Indian Ocean. It spews from tailpipes, factory chimneys and power plants, forests or fields that were being burned for agriculture, and wood and dung which are burned for fuel. Professor Ramanathan’s team used three unmanned aircraft fitted with 15 instruments to monitor temperature, clouds, humidity and aerosols. The remote-controlled craft carried out 18 missions in March 2006, flying in a vertical stack over the Indian Ocean. The planes flew simultaneously through the Brown Cloud at heights of 500m, 1500m and 3000m.
Cloud exacerbates solar heating, melts mountain ice: They discovered that the cloud boosted the effect of solar heating on the air around it by nearly 50 per cent because its particles are soot, which is black and thus absorbs sunlight. The simulation estimated that, since 1950, South Asia’s atmosphere has warmed by 0.25C per decade at altitudes ranging from 2000m to 5000m above sea level – the height where thousands of Himalayan glaciers are located. As much as half of this warming could be attributed to the effects of brown clouds, Professor Ramanathan said.
Biomass burning produces Cloud: Roughly 60 per cent of the soot in South Asia comes from biofuel cooking and biomass burning, which could be eased by helping the rural poor get bottled gas or solar cookers, he said.